Downhill: Specialized downhill mountain bikes were developed in the 1970s by early mountain biking pioneers.

Downhill bicycles, also known as DH bikes, are a specialized type of mountain bike designed specifically for downhill racing and extreme terrain. These bikes prioritize speed, stability, and control on steep, technical descents and are built to withstand the rigors of high-speed, aggressive riding.

Downhill (Approximate bicycle dimensions): Long and slack, wheelbases 1200-1350mm typical.

Approximate price ranges for 'Downhill' type of bike (minimum - average - maximum prices): $2,000 - $4,000 - $8,000

1. General Information
  • Name and type: Downhill bicycle (DH)
  • Purpose: Designed for downhill racing and riding on extreme terrain
  • Price range: High-end
  • Suitable for: Men and women, adults, advanced to expert mountain bike riders
2. Characteristics


  • Material: Aluminum or carbon fiber
  • Geometry: Extremely slack head angle, long wheelbase, and low bottom bracket for maximum stability at high speeds


  • Diameter: 27.5 inches (650b)
  • Tire type: Wide, aggressive knobby tires (2.5-2.8 inches) for traction and shock absorption
  • Rim material: Aluminum or carbon fiber, tubeless-ready, often with reinforced construction


  • Number of gears: 7-speed to 10-speed
  • Derailleur type: External, rear only, often with a chain guide and bash guard
  • Crankset: Single chainring, aluminum or carbon fiber


  • Type: Hydraulic disc brakes with large rotors (200-220mm)
  • Actuation: Hydraulic
  • Manufacturer and model: Shimano or SRAM

Fork and Rear Suspension

  • Type: Long-travel, heavy-duty suspension fork (200-220mm) and rear shock
  • Suspension design: Varies (e.g., single-pivot, four-bar linkage, virtual pivot point)

Saddle and handlebars

  • Saddle type: Slim, lightweight saddle
  • Material: Synthetic or lightweight padding
  • Handlebar type: Wide, flat or low-rise bars for maximum control and stability

Bike weight:15-20 kg (33-44 lbs)

3. Features
  • Additional equipment: Chain guide, bash guard, protective frame elements, mud guards
  • Accessories included: None
  • Unique characteristics or technologies: Heavy-duty suspension components, reinforced frames and wheels
  • Compatibility with additional equipment: Limited due to specialized design for downhill riding
4. Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Main advantages: Unparalleled descending capabilities, stability, and control on extreme terrain
  • Potential disadvantages or limitations: Heavy, not suitable for climbing or pedaling long distances
  • Comparison with other similar bike types: More specialized and capable on descents than enduro bikes, not suitable for all-around riding
5. Target Audience and Recommendations
  • Suitable for: Advanced to expert mountain bikers who focus on downhill racing or riding extreme terrain
  • Frame size recommendations: Based on rider height and personal preference
  • Maintenance and care tips: Regular cleaning, lubrication, and tune-ups, with extra attention to suspension, drivetrain, and brakes
6. Popular Models and Manufacturers
  • Examples of popular models: Santa Cruz V10, Specialized Demo, Trek Session
  • Well-known brands specializing in this type: Santa Cruz, Specialized, Trek, Giant, Commencal
7. Conclusion
  • Summary of key characteristics and advantages: Specialized, heavy-duty bikes designed for maximum speed, stability, and control on steep, technical descents and extreme terrain
  • Optimal choice for: Advanced to expert mountain bikers who prioritize downhill racing or riding on the most challenging terrain, with a focus on descending performance and durability