Expedition: Expedition touring bikes built for fully self-supported international adventure cycling in the 1970s.

Expedition (Approximate bicycle dimensions): Frame geometry optimized for loaded touring and stability. 1150mm+ wheelbases.

Approximate price ranges for 'Expedition' type of bike (minimum - average - maximum prices): $1,200 - $3,000 - $8,000

1. General Information
  • Name and type: Expedition bicycle (also known as touring or trekking bicycle)
  • Purpose: Designed for long-distance, self-supported touring and carrying heavy loads
  • Price range: Mid-range to high-end
  • Suitable for: Men and women, adults, long-distance cyclists and adventurers
2. Characteristics


  • Material: Steel, aluminum, or titanium
  • Geometry: Relaxed and stable, with a longer wheelbase for comfort and stability when carrying heavy loads


  • Diameter: 26 inches, 700c, or 29 inches
  • Tire type: Wide, puncture-resistant tires (1.5-2.0 inches) for comfort and durability
  • Rim material: Aluminum, often double-walled for strength


  • Number of gears: Wide-range, 27-speed to 30-speed
  • Derailleur type: External, front and rear
  • Crankset: Triple chainring, aluminum or steel


  • Type: Cantilever or linear-pull (V-brakes) for easier maintenance and compatibility with racks and fenders
  • Actuation: Mechanical
  • Manufacturer and model: Shimano or SRAM


  • Type: Rigid, steel or aluminum, with rack and fender mounts

Saddle and handlebars

  • Saddle type: Comfortable, touring-specific saddle
  • Material: Synthetic or leather
  • Handlebar type: Drop bars or trekking bars for multiple hand positions

Bike weight:14-18 kg (31-40 lbs) without gear

3. Features
  • Additional equipment: Sturdy racks, fenders, multiple bottle cages, and a kickstand
  • Accessories included: None
  • Unique characteristics or technologies: Durable components, wide-range gearing, and ample mounting points for racks and accessories
  • Compatibility with additional equipment: Designed to accommodate front and rear racks, panniers, and other touring accessories
4. Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Main advantages: Durability, stability, and comfort for long-distance touring and carrying heavy loads
  • Potential disadvantages or limitations: Heavier than other bike types, slower on steep inclines
  • Comparison with other similar bike types: More durable and capable of carrying heavier loads than gravel or all-road bikes
5. Target Audience and Recommendations
  • Suitable for: Long-distance touring, bikepacking, and self-supported adventures
  • Frame size recommendations: Based on rider height and inseam length
  • Maintenance and care tips: Regular cleaning, lubrication, and tune-ups, with extra attention to drivetrain, brakes, and wheels
6. Popular Models and Manufacturers
  • Examples of popular models: Surly Long Haul Trucker, Trek 920, Kona Sutra
  • Well-known brands specializing in this type: Surly, Trek, Kona, Salsa, Co-Motion
7. Conclusion
  • Summary of key characteristics and advantages: Durable, stable, and comfortable bikes designed for long-distance touring and carrying heavy loads on various terrains
  • Optimal choice for: Long-distance cyclists and adventurers who plan to embark on self-supported tours and require a reliable, capable bike for carrying gear and withstanding the rigors of the road