Mountain: The first modern mountain bikes emerged in the 1970s on the California coast.

Mountain bicycles, also known as mountain bikes or MTBs, are designed for off-road cycling on various terrains, including dirt trails, rocky paths, and steep inclines. They feature robust frames, wide tires with knobby treads, and suspension systems to absorb shock and provide traction. Mountain bikes come in several subcategories, each tailored to specific riding styles and terrain.

Mountain (Approximate bicycle dimensions): Modern trail geometry, wheelbases around 1120-1220mm.

Approximate price ranges for 'Mountain' type of bike (minimum - average - maximum prices): $500 - $1,500 - $6,000

1. General Information
  • Name and type: Mountain bicycle (MTB)
  • Purpose: Designed for off-road cycling on various terrains
  • Price range: Budget to high-end
  • Suitable for: Men and women, adults, off-road enthusiasts
2. Characteristics


  • Material: Aluminum, carbon fiber, steel, or titanium
  • Geometry: Varies depending on the subcategory (cross-country, trail, enduro, downhill)


  • Diameter: 26 inches, 27.5 inches (650b), or 29 inches
  • Tire type: Wide, knobby tires (2.0-2.5 inches) for traction on various terrains
  • Rim material: Aluminum or carbon fiber, often tubeless-ready


  • Number of gears: 11-speed to 12-speed
  • Derailleur type: External, rear only
  • Crankset: Single chainring, aluminum or carbon fiber


  • Type: Hydraulic disc brakes
  • Actuation: Hydraulic
  • Manufacturer and model: Shimano or SRAM

Fork and Rear Suspension

  • Type: Suspension fork and rear shock (for full-suspension bikes)
  • Travel: Varies depending on the subcategory (80-200mm)

Saddle and handlebars

  • Saddle type: Performance-oriented, often with a central cut-out
  • Material: Synthetic or lightweight padding
  • Handlebar type: Flat or riser bars, often wider for better control

Bike weight:10-16 kg (22-35 lbs), depending on the subcategory

3. Features
  • Additional equipment: Dropper seatpost, chain guide, bash guard
  • Accessories included: None
  • Unique characteristics or technologies: Suspension systems, wide tires, disc brakes
  • Compatibility with additional equipment: Varies depending on the subcategory and frame design
4. Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Main advantages: Capability to handle rough terrain, traction, and control
  • Potential disadvantages or limitations: Heavier than road bikes, less efficient on pavement
  • Comparison with other similar bike types: More off-road capable than gravel bikes, more versatile than dedicated downhill bikes
5. Target Audience and Recommendations
  • Suitable for: Off-road enthusiasts, riders who enjoy challenging terrain and technical trails
  • Frame size recommendations: Based on rider height and inseam length
  • Maintenance and care tips: Regular cleaning, lubrication, and tune-ups, with extra attention to suspension, drivetrain, and brakes
6. Popular Models and Manufacturers
  • Examples of popular models: Specialized Stumpjumper, Trek Fuel EX, Santa Cruz Hightower
  • Well-known brands specializing in this type: Specialized, Trek, Santa Cruz, Giant, Cannondale
7. Conclusion
  • Summary of key characteristics and advantages: Rugged, capable bikes designed for off-road cycling on various terrains, featuring suspension, wide tires, and disc brakes
  • Optimal choice for: Off-road enthusiasts who want to tackle challenging terrain, from smooth dirt trails to rocky, technical descents, with a focus on traction, control, and shock absorption